Madhya Pradesh has emerged as Grain Bowl of the India contributing immensely to India’s granary with steady and excellent growth in food grain production. President Dr. Pranab Mukherjee presented the prestigious Krishi Karman Award to the Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan at a grand award ceremony at Vigyan Bhavan here today.
Madhya Pradesh is the only state to have won the Krishi Karman Award in the total food grain production category consecutively for second time since the institution of Award in 2010-11. The Award carries a trophy, a citation and cash Rs. 2 crore in total food grain production category. Farmers Smt. Shashi Khandelwal from Chaurai in Chhindwara and Yogendra Kaushik from Badnagar, Ujjain were honoured by the President as ideal farmers.
Those present included Union Minister for Agriculture Sharad Pawar, Minister for Forest and Environment Virappa Moily, Minister for Agriculture Madhya Pradesh Gauri Shankar Bisen, MP State BJP President Narendra Singh Tomar, General Secretary Arvind Menon, Agriculture Production Commissioner Madan Mohan Upadhyay, Principal Secretary Agriculture Dr. Rajesh Rajora, Director Agriculture D. N. Sharma and other senior officers.
The impressive performance of Madhya Pradesh agriculture sector is attributable to increase in irrigation capacity, uninterrupted power supply, improved storage infrastructure, timely supply of farm inputs like seeds, fertilizers, and farmer friendly bold decisions like zero percent interest on farm loans and bonus on wheat, rice, maize procurement. It is for the first time the state excelled in wheat, pulses and paddy.
Madhya Pradesh has topped in food grain production in the country with the food grain production of 277 lakh tons in 2012-13 including 161 lakh tons of wheat. It has maintained double digit agriculture growth rate. In respect of wheat procurement, Madhya Pradesh has maintained its ranking in the country. The contribution of Madhya Pradesh to India’s total food grain production goes up to 11.2% in 2012-13.It contributes 17.5 % to India’s total wheat production and 28.65% to total pulses production.
Madhya Pradesh surpassed Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Haryana, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Bihar in the category of States producing over 10 million tones food grain. The State’s performance for the Award was adjudged on 7 criteria – production of grains, yield, procurement, progress of expenditure, yield increase over all India average and significant initiatives. Madhya Pradesh did excellently well in each criteria.
The production of food grains was 128.90 LMT in 2007- 08, which increased to 277 LMT in 2012-13. Similarly, productivity increased from 1064 kg/hectare in 2007-08 to 1952 kg per hectare in 2012-13. Production of pulses touched 51.91 lakh MT in 2012-13 from 26.73 LMT in 2007-08.
The state has performed outstandingly in production and procurement of wheat in last five years. The wheat productivity has increased to 2959 KG/Hectare in 2012-13 from 1714 KG/Hectare in 2007-08. Production of wheat was 67.37 lakh tones in 2007-08. It reached 161.25 lakh MT in 20012-13. This year Madhya Pradesh is expecting 175 lakh tones production. Initiatives like e-procurement of wheat and increase in bonus on procurement have encouraged wheat growing farmers. In last five years, bonus of Rs. 2752 crore was paid to them.
Credit facility – Farmers having small land holdings have been encouraged to cultivate their fields. A decade ago, a sizeable number of farmers feared to invest due to lack of credit facilities. Now agriculture credit at zero percent interest is available to them through cooperatives. In last five years, loans worth Rs. 39,820 crore have been distributed to farmers.
Farmers are using Kisan Credit Cards. Bonus to the tune of Rs. 34,000 crore on wheat procurement has been distributed to them. Bonus on maize is being distributed from this year.
The amount of cooperative loans distributed in 2003-04 was Rs. 1273 crore. It increased manifold in 2013-14 touching Rs. 11209 crore figure. As many as 32 lakh farmers will be getting loans worth Rs. 12 thousand crore by March end this year. Crop loans to the tune of Rs. 25 thousand crore will be distributed in coming five years. The cooperative banks are offering core banking facility to them.
Irrigation – In last ten years, the irrigation potential in the state not only increased tremendously but also efficiently utilized. Completion of major reservoirs after a gap of two to three decades, simultaneous completion of canal systems irrigating the fields, which remained water-deficient for years, construction of wells under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme or innovative schemes like Balram Talab Yojana proved instrumental.