Agencies, New Delhi
India and Pakistan, which last week concluded the latest round of expert-level talks on the conventional and nuclear Confidence Building Measures (CBMs), today exchanged the list of nuclear installations and facilities covered under the agreement between them on the Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear installations.
The list was exchanged through diplomatic channels simultaneously here and at Islamabad. The agreement, which was signed on December 31, 1988 and entered into force on January 27, 1991, provides, among other things, that the two countries inform each other of nuclear installations and facilities to be covered under the agreement on January 1 of every calendar year.
This is the twenty second consecutive exchange of such lists between the two countries, the first one having taken place on January 1, 1992. The experts of the two countries earlier met on December 27 and 28 here to review implementation and strengthening of existing CBMs relating to nuclear weapons in the framework of the Lahore MoU of 1999, as well as possibilities for mutually acceptable additional CBMs.
They reviewed working of existing agreements on pre-notification of flight tests of ballistic missiles and reducing the risk from accidents relating to nuclear weapons and expressed satisfaction that the latter was extended for a further five year period from February, 2012.
The 1999 Lahore Declaration recognised the need to understand the role played by nuclear weapons and its aim was to reduce the risk of accidental or unauthorised use of nuclear weapons and to elaborate measures for confidence building in the nuclear and conventional fields.
The two countries also reviewed the implementation of existing conventional CBMs, including the ceasefire along the LoC,
and exchanged ideas to further advance the CBM process.